The United Arab Emirates is a federal state which consists of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajmān, Umm al-Qaywayn, Fujairah, and Ra’s al-Khaymah. Most part of the territory is a desert area, but some of the inland area has fertile soil in which datepalm grows naturally. The climate of the coastal area is high temperature and humidity, and that of inland is a desert climate


Before Christ, the coastal area has been known as a hub of trade routes between East and West. After 17 centuries, the British had influence through the Indian trade and contracted a cease-fire agreement with heads of northern emirates in 1853. In 1968 the British declared a retreat from east of Suez. Taking this opportunity, six emirates formed the United Arab Emirates in February 1971 (the following year Ra’s al-Khaymah joined).


The United Arab Emirates is a federation governed by the Federal Supreme Council made up of the seven emirates and decided by a majority vote. The late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al NahyanSheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was the UAE's president from the nation's founding until his death on 2 November 2004. On the following day the Federal Supreme Council elected his son, His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, to the post.


Founded upon ample oil revenue, the UAE promote the social infrastructure improvement: for example water service, electricity, and education, development of private companies, and emiratization. In addition, the UAE plan to free of oil monoculture economy, for example, Dubai is developing steadily as a hub of trade, transportation, and tourism.

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